Today’s DIY is a really cute and pretty one, turning old teacups into teacup candles!
Candles are great, perfect for adding a bit of decor to your home, as well as the added benefit of releasing wonderful scents. They can also add a bit of ambience and warmth to your rooms too. So, why not have a go at making your own? Today’s post is going to show you how to make your own teacup candles at home. Keep reading to see how to make them, and/or scroll to the bottom to check out the video tutorial on how to too!
So, making your own candles at home is really easy to do and there is a tonne of guides and snippets of information out there. One of the main bits of advice is to make sure your container is safe for the use of a candle. Teacups are great for this, as they are designed to withstand a lot of heat from a good cup of tea, and therefore are perfect for housing a candle.
Teacups are everywhere! You may have some old ones lying around, gathering dust and not really being used at all. If you don’t have any at home, then your next best bet is to head to your local charity shop, I can guarantee there will be an abundance to choose from. Charity shops always seem to have loads of teacups, especially in matching sets; which is perfect for batch making these teacup candles. I have also noticed a few of the cheaper shops, like my favourites, B&M and Home Bargains have a few cute teacups on their shelves too.
How to make teacup candles:
These candles are really easy to make and only consist of a few ingredients. I have opted to use soy wax for these candles. One because they burn cleaner than paraffin wax and two because soy wax is 100% natural. There is also beeswax, which can be used but would not be suitable for vegans; so you have to consider this if you are planning on giving these as gifts.
I also opted to use a fragrance oil for these candles, but essential oils can also be used. To add a pop of colour you will need candle colourant; which you can grab from any candle making supplier or Amazon. These are basically colour bits of wax that you melt to colour the candle.
Always check the manufacturer’s label for full information on the wax, including the melting point and pouring temperature. They should also give you an indication of the fragrance load amount that the wax can take. The wax I use gives the general advice of:
Measuring your wax and fragrance oil:
Before I get into what you need to make these teacup candles, here is a bit of advice in calculating how much wax and fragrance oil you need for your candles. Not all teacups are made equal. Therefore you will need to calculate your own wax and fragrance oil to suit your teacups.
Grab your intended teacup for the candle, and fill it to where you would like your candle to be with water. Then pour this into a measuring jug, and round up to the nearest ml in the jug. You then want to write this number down and do a little calculating. Minus 20% of the total ml of water which will then give you the total amount of wax needed for the candle in grams.
For example one of my teacups measured at 150ml I then minus 20% which is 30 to give me a total of 120g. I used 360g in total, as I was making three candles.
Apparently, one ml of water weighs one gram. However, because the wax is less dense than water you should subtract 20% to get the correct weight in wax.
To measure the amount of fragrance oil needs, again, you need to do a bit of math. Similarly with working out how much fragrance oil you can use in layered soap, you need to take a percentage of the total. This can be dependent on what wax you are using, and the manufacturer’s instructions on the packet. For my candles, this is 10% of the total wax weight. As this is 360g, 10% of this equals 36g.
What you need:
Now that the technical bit is out of the way, here is what you need to make teacup candles.
- Soy wax
- Fragrance oil
- Candle Colourant
- Weighing scales
- Pre-waxed wicks of the appropriate size to the teacup
- Foam glue dots for sticking down the wicks
- Wick stabiliser
- Metal wax pouring jug
- Double boiler/pan of hot water
- Small cup for measuring out the fragrance oil
Making teacup candles:
Now that you have what you need here is how to make these cute candles:
Step 1 – Melt the wax:
You should have weighed out the total amount of wax you need using the method described above. Then create a double boiler using a pan of hot water and the metal wax pouring jug to gently melt your wax. This may take some time to do, so in the meantime, you can move onto the next step. Just ensure that you don’t leave the area where you are melting the wax and keep checking it regularly.
Step 2 – Prepare the teacups:
Before you pour any of the melted wax, you want to make sure your teacups are prepared. Make sure the cups are clean and dry. You don’t want any water mixing with the wax as this can make them combust, so make sure they are fully dry! Then grab your pre-waxed wicks, making sure they are an appropriate size for your teacup and secure them down with the foam glue dots. Centre these in the bottom of the teacup and place a wick stabiliser in place to keep these straight and central.
Step 3 – Add in Colour:
If you are choosing to add in a bit of colour to your wax, now it is time to do it. Some advise to place this in at the start, but I prefer to do it when the wax is semi-melted. I think you are supposed to measure this out according to the amount of wax you have, but I prefer to sprinkle bits in as I like a pale pastel colour to the candle. It can be very difficult to judge how deep your colour is going to be, partly because of soy wax drying a more opaque colour.
Step 4 – Add in fragrance:
When the wax is fully melted, you want to remove it from the heat and allow it to cool. You are looking for a temperature between 75 °c -80 °c to add in your fragrance oil. Use a thermometer to test this, I use one that is designed for making jam. Your wax label and fragrance oil may state differently, so follow the advice on this. You want to add the fragrance at these certain temperatures to aid it in binding with the melted wax. this hopefully will give a great cold throw and hot throw. That is smelling amazing unlit, as well as smelling amazing when lit. This can be a bit a trial and error, similar to adding in the colour. Then stir in the fragrance oil for around 2 minutes. Make sure it is fully combined, keeping an eye on the temperature.
It should be noted that adding the fragrance oil will reduce the temperature of the melted wax.
Step 5 – Pour into the teacups:
When your wax has cooled to the optimum pouring temperature (between 50 °c – 70 °c ) gently pour this into your waiting teacups. Be careful not to pour too fast so that it splashes. You also want to make sure you don’t pour the wax too high, as this will cause your wick stabiliser to join into the wax. This will leave an indentation when your wax has set, which you don’t want.
Step 6 – Allow to cool and set
Allow the candles to cool and set. You will see the wax setting different colours initially, due to the opaque-ness of soy wax. This can take a few hours to do. I like to leave mine overnight before touching to make sure it is fully set.
When the candles are fully set, it is time to trim the wick. It is advised to trim to 1/4 inch – 1/8 inch for better burning of the candle.
Then you have your very own teacup candle to decorate your home or give away as a gift this coming Christmas. Perfect!
Teacup Candles – Safety:
You need to make sure you are safe when burning your teacup candles. Make sure that you never leave a burning candle unattended, you really don’t want your house setting on fire. I am sure this goes without saying.
Also when burning your candle for the first time, burn it for a few hours and only extinguish it when the top layer of wax has fully melted across the whole diameter of the teacup. This will then ensure that the candle will burn evenly on the next use. It will also aid in reducing the dreaded tunnelling of the candle too! If you are finding that the candle is tunnelling, it may be because of the wick size used. If the wick is too small, it won’t produce enough heat to fully melt the wax and release the fragrance. This sort of happened with my candle, so I now know I need a thicker wick. Again, candle making is trial and error, so always make a tester of your candle before giving it away to others.
Never extinguish your candle with water, as this can cause it to combust, which you definitely do not want!
Always follow the instructions/advice on your wax and fragrance oil labels.
Make sure your teacups are not damaged or cracked before making the candle. The wax may be able to melt its way through the cracks, increasing the chance of the teacup breaking further, and the risk of fire.
Enjoy your teacup candles!
Aimsy’s Antics holds no responsibility for the making of your candles. This post is intended for advice and inspiration only, and other research should be conducted to make sure you are using the correct items to make the candles safely. Always follow the guidance on the ingredients you are using.
Teacup Candles – Video Tutorial:
Check out the video below on how to make these teacup candles.